Dalmatian standard

30. 05. 2011 / DE '
FCI - Standard no. 153
translation of the German original: Ing. Iva Černohubová source www.cmku.cz

 

ORIGIN: Croatia.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : October 13, 2010

UTILIZATION:  Hunting, social, family dog, suitable for different purposes. 

CLASSIFICATION FCI : Group 6 Scenthounds and related breeds. 
                                   Section 3 Related breeds without working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: 
The origin of the Dalmatian can be found in paintings from the church chronicles from the 16th to the 18th century.Dalmatians are portrayed on the altar painting "Madonna with Jesus and the angels" in the church "Gospe od Andjela 'in the village of Veli Losinj on the island of Losinj in Croatia, which dates to the years 1600-1630, and also on a fresco in Zaostrog in Dalmatia. This stems from the fact that the origin of the Dalmatian is in the eastern Mediterranean, particularly in the historic province of Dalmatia. The first description was found in Dalmatians Croatian Bishopric of Djakovo, in the minutes P.Bakice bishop from 1719, and also in the minutes A.Keczkemetyho of 1737. The dog was named after the Latin name "Canis dalmaticus" and their height is described from 4- 5 "Spithamusů" (old Croatian rate). Thomas Pennant in his work Werk "Synopsis of Quadrupeds" of 1771 describes this breed is very independent and is called the "Dalmatian", stating that comes from Dalmatia.

Thomas Bewick in 1790, describes the breed as "the Dalmatian or coach dog". The first unofficial standard compiled in 1882 by an Englishman named Vero Shaw. This standard was taken over in 1890 as the first official standard of the newly founded club in England.

The first FCI standard was issued April 7, 1955 under the title "dalmatian hunting dog."

GENERAL APPEARANCE 
Mesocefální head, prismatic form with drooping ear. The body is rectangular, strong, muscular and visibly characteristically dotted. Movement must be elegant. Sexual dimorphism must be distinct.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: 
Length of body: height at withers = 10: 9. 
The height of the elbow: 50% of the height at the withers. 
The height of the ankle: 20-25% of the height at the withers. 
Head length: ca. 40% of the height at the withers.  
Length of skull: length of muzzle = 1: 1st

BEHAVIOR / CHARACTER: 
Character is pleasant, friendly, not shy or reticent, not nervous or aggressive. Active, kind, confident, independent and easy to use. Dalmatian loves water and movement in nature. It has developed hunting instinct.    

HEAD: 
The head must be in the proportions in line with the body, the skull is not too broad. Length from occiput to stop and from stop to tip of nose is in the ratio of 1: 1, or may be a muzzle slightly shorter. Skull and muzzle are slightly divergent. Facial muscles, and zygomatic arches must not be excessive. The skin on the entire head is free of wrinkles.

Skull: 
Skull: Flat with a slight lateral curvature. Broadest between the ears and the temples are distinct. Median groove is easily expressed.  Stop: slight.

FACIAL REGION: 
Nose: large, wide open nostrils, must be fully pigmented. Its color should match the color dots in the hair. 
Nose: well developed jaws nasal bridge straight. 
Lips: thick, they fit snugly to the jaw and should not be pendulous or too strong; without a clear corner. Preferably full pigmentation. 
Jaws / Teeth: Scissor bite, ie. the six upper incisors covering without gaps series of lower incisors, the teeth in the jaws apart.Complete dental formula (42 teeth) is preferred. The teeth are regular and white. For older dogs tolerated pincer bite. 
Eyes: Oval subfrontálně deposited at an angle 10-15 °. Eye pigmentation is consistent with the color dots in the hair. Eyelids are tight, not loose. The edges of the eyelids are pigmented around its perimeter in a color that is consistent with the color of the coat.  
Ears are rather high, adjacent to the lateral part of the head. Length reaches to the inner corner of the eye or to the track.The end is slightly rounded. The ears have the shape of an isosceles triangle. Their texture is soft to the touch. Ears must be dotted, which is very important. It means that the ears must be solid black or brown, but it must be black or brown dotted, the dots are colored in accordance with color variety on a white background.

Neck: 
The neck should be strong and fairly long, toward the head narrows and does lobe. 

BODY: 
rectangular, the ratio of body length and height at withers 10: 9th 
Withers:   Well pronounced. 
Back: Strong, straight. 
Loin:  Short and muscular. 
Croup : Muscular falls at an angle less than 30 °. 
Chest: Deep and spacious, not too wide nor barrel-shaped. Depth of chest should be 45-50% of height at withers. The height of the elbow is 50% of the height at the withers. The ribs are arched. 
Belly : Belly slightly tucked but not sunken.

TAIL:
Set on the extension of the stern. Reaching approximately to the hock or slightly below. The deployment is very broad and towards the tip tapers evenly, not too strong, but balanced body. It is carried in saber. Stippling is desirable.

LIMBS 
FOREQUARTERS: 
Overall: The forelegs must be balanced to the body, rectangular. 
Shoulders: The shoulder angle is 115-120 ° 
Elbows: Tucked tightly to the body. 
Forearm:   The bones are developed in proportion with a strong (round), legs are straight vertically constructed. 
Pastern: strong, slightly inclined, flexible. 
Feet Fingers closed, ie. Cat's paw is typical. The pads are tough and resilient. The claws are to be pigmented.

HINDQUARTERS: 
Overall : proportion with the body. With a very strong and well muscled. Attitude is parallel. 
Thigh : muscular and strong. 
Stifle strong and well formed. The angle of the knee at an angle of 40 degrees to the horizontal. 
Hock joint: strong. 
Metatarsus: The height of the ankle is 20-25% of height at the withers. Hock angle is about 130 degrees. 
Feet : Fingers closed, tzv.kočičí paw is typical. The pads are tough and resilient. The claws are to be pigmented. 

MOVEMENT: 
Regular, elegant and harmonious movement. Walking and trotting long, with a large stamping motion and good reflection.When viewed from moving parallel limbs.

COAT  
Hair: Short, smooth, dense and hard on the body.

Color: 
Ground color pure white. Black dots with black dots and color variations in liver brown variants. 
The dots are to be symmetrically distributed throughout the body, clear round and no transitions into the white base. The size of the dots should be the same, with an average size of between 2-3 cm. In variants brown dots are slightly smaller in diameter about 2 cm. Spots on the head and legs should be adequately smaller than the body. It is desirable that the dotting was also on the tail, which is also proportionally smaller than the body. Spray on the body is not desirable and should be penalized. Dots are not Sliva and form larger spots. Spots and patches are undesirable. Particular attention should be paid dotting ears.  

SIZE AND WEIGHT: 
Height:     Dogs 56-62 cm, females 54-60 cm 
Males and females in the perfect type of balance should not be penalized if their withers height exceeds the upper limit.  

FAULTS: 
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and must be penalized according to the degree of its severity and in its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.

ELIMINATING FAULTS:

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs
  • Dogs showing physical disorder or conduct disorder, shall be disqualified.
  • Convergent head lines;
  • Absence of more than 6 premolars, the lack of M3 not taken into account and is not classified as a defect;
  • Entropion, ectropion, eyes of different colored iris (heterochromia), blue eyes, partially blue colored iris;
  • Unpigmented nose;
  • Curled (Ring-) tail;
  • Shiner (black spots on one or both eyes) or plates anywhere;
  • Tricoloured coat (black and brown spots along the same individual) Bronzing dots, the color dots lemon, orange color dots, small dots completely pure white without stippling;
  • Rough or long hair;
  • Deafness

NB .: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.